Coma: the definition

9:21 AM

Coma (koma) can be translated from the ancient Greek as "deep dream". According to the classical definition this term stands for the condition of deep oppression of functions of the central nervous system (CNS), followed by a complete loss of consciousness, loss of reaction on external stimuli and disorder regulation of vital functions of the body.

Taking into account, that coma is diagnosed even in case when CNS is oppressed not that severely, i.e. on the stage of coma development. Therefore, the most expedient way to define coma is the following:

Coma is the condition of cerebral failure that is characterized by abnormality of coordinating activity of CNS, autonomous functioning of separate systems that lose ability for self-regulation and homeostasis at the level of an integrated organism. Coma is clinically manifested by loss of consciousness, abnormality of motional, sensitive and somatic body functions, including those that are vital.

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